Gut Health 101: What’s the Hype All About

Written By


Expert Reviewed By

Dr. Lauryn Lax, OTD, MS

Dr. Lauryn, OTD, MS is a doctor of occupational therapy, clinical nutritionists and functional medicine expert with 25 years of clinical and personal experience in healing from complex chronic health issues and helping others do the same.

Gut Health - Woman Cares For Her Body

In the quest for optimal health and well-being, gut health has taken center stage, especially among functional medicine enthusiasts and biohackers, interested in unleveling their health. Gut problems have become increasingly prevalent in the modern world, affecting millions of individuals. Let’s unpack the world of gut health, highlighting its significance, its impact on overall health, and the critical role it plays in functional medicine.

And of course: if you’re looking for personal support, let’s optimize your gut and take your health back into your own hands! Book a complimentary 20-minute Health Strategy Call today. 

The Gut Health Epidemic: A Modern Dilemma

Gut Health - Woman With Stomach Ache Sitting On A Sofa

Gut problems have reached epidemic proportions in today’s fast-paced, high-stress world. Conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) have become a common concern, affecting up to 15 percent of the population. Additionally, a staggering 60 percent of U.S. adults experience the symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) within a year, with up to 30 percent experiencing these symptoms weekly. The prevalence of these conditions has led to a surge in pharmaceutical sales, with drugs like Nexium, which suppress stomach acid, generating billions of dollars in revenue annually.

Beyond the Gut: A Holistic Perspective

The hype surrounding gut health isn’t merely a trend; it’s rooted in a growing understanding of the profound impact the gut has on the entire body. Contrary to the belief that gut issues exclusively affect digestive health, we now know that an unhealthy gut can contribute to a wide range of diseases that extend far beyond the gastrointestinal system.

Conditions such as diabetes, obesity, rheumatoid arthritis, autism spectrum disorder, depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome have all been linked to gut dysfunction. What’s remarkable is that a significant portion of individuals suffering from these conditions may not exhibit prominent gut symptoms. This often leads both patients and their healthcare providers to overlook the potential role of gut dysfunction in their health struggles.

Functional Medicine: Uncovering the Root Cause

Functional medicine takes a distinct approach to healthcare by focusing on the root causes of disease, rather than merely addressing symptoms. The gut, being a central player in the interconnected web of bodily systems, serves as a starting point in functional medicine practices. Regardless of a patient’s chief complaints, comprehensive testing for gut health is a fundamental step in the functional medicine journey.

One of the striking aspects of functional medicine is its ability to uncover hidden connections between seemingly unrelated health issues. For instance, some patients, predominantly men, may seek help for high cholesterol levels as their sole complaint. Surprisingly, they may feel fantastic and report no gut-related symptoms. However, comprehensive gut testing can reveal underlying issues such as Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO), fungal overgrowth, or an H. pylori infection. Treating these gut issues often results in a remarkable drop in cholesterol numbers.

This distinctive approach exemplifies the essence of functional medicine—it addresses not only the symptoms but also the underlying causes of disease. It underscores that gut dysfunction serves as a common denominator in many modern chronic inflammatory conditions.

The Prevalence of Gut Dysfunction

While the exact statistics may vary, it’s estimated that approximately 70 to 80 percent of patients seeking help from functional medicine practitioners test positive for at least one gut pathology. This figure may not be representative of the general population since functional medicine often attracts individuals who have struggled to find relief elsewhere. Nonetheless, it highlights a critical reality—gut dysfunction is a pervasive underlying factor in most modern chronic inflammatory conditions.

Why Gut Health Matters: A Closer Look

Gut Health - Natural Healthy Food Loaded With Vitamin B6

Now that we’ve established the significance of gut health, let’s delve deeper into why it matters and how it affects your overall well-being:

1. Digestion and Nutrient Absorption:

The gut plays a central role in breaking down food, absorbing essential nutrients, and providing energy to your body. An unhealthy gut can hinder these processes, leading to malnutrition and energy deficits.

2. Immune System Function:

A significant portion of your immune cells resides in the gut. A healthy gut contributes to a robust immune system that can defend against pathogens and maintain overall health.

3. Inflammation Control:

An imbalanced gut microbiome can trigger chronic inflammation, which is a key driver of many diseases. A healthy gut helps regulate inflammation and maintain a balanced immune response.

4. Mood and Mental Health:

The gut-brain connection is real. An unhealthy gut can impact your mental health, leading to conditions like depression and anxiety. A well-balanced gut supports a healthy mind.

5. Weight Management:

Gut bacteria influence how your body stores and processes food. An imbalanced microbiome can contribute to weight gain and obesity.

6. Hormone Regulation:

Gut health is intricately linked to hormonal balance. An unhealthy gut can disrupt hormone production and lead to hormonal disorders.

7. Autoimmune Diseases:

Gut dysfunction can trigger an autoimmune response, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues. This can lead to conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes.

8. Energy Levels:

A healthy gut contributes to higher energy levels and overall vitality. Gut dysfunction can leave you feeling fatigued and drained.

Biohacking Your Gut Health

Gut Health - Woman In A Supermarket At The Vegetable Shelf Shopping For Food

Now that you understand the critical role of gut health, you might be wondering how to “biohack” your gut for optimal well-being. Here are some actionable steps you can take:

1. Balanced Diet:

Focus on a diet rich in whole foods, fiber, and a variety of fruits and vegetables. Limit processed foods, sugar, and excessive caffeine.

2. Probiotics and Prebiotics:

Incorporate probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut into your diet. These foods promote the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. Prebiotic foods like garlic, onions, and asparagus provide nourishment for these good bacteria.

3. Gut-Healing Supplements:

Consult with a functional medicine practitioner to determine if specific supplements or herbs can support your gut health. These may include digestive enzymes, L-glutamine, and berberine.

4. Stress Management:

Chronic stress can harm your gut. Practice stress-reduction techniques like meditation, yoga, and mindfulness to support your gut-brain connection.

5. Gut Testing:

Consider comprehensive gut testing, even if you don’t exhibit prominent gut-related symptoms. Identifying underlying issues can pave the way for targeted treatment and improved health.

6. Professional Guidance:

Seek guidance from a functional medicine practitioner who specializes in gut health. They can provide personalized recommendations and treatment plans tailored to your unique needs.


In the world of functional medicine, gut health stands as a foundational pillar of well-being. It’s not merely a buzzword but a critical aspect of overall health that demands attention. Understanding the far-reaching effects of gut dysfunction and its connection to a myriad of diseases is the first step in taking control of your health.

CTA: Optimize your gut and take your health back into your own hands! Book a complimentary 20-minute Health Strategy Call today and let us help you. 

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